Better DUI Detection
Testing for both drugs and alcohol among impaired drivers should be a best practice and will lead to:
- Reduced recidivism
- A better understanding of the issue
- Informed decision-making regarding policy and resource allocation.
- Effective case disposition
- Sentences tailored to offender supervision and treatment needs
Multiple pilot programs have shown more than 1/3 of impaired drivers have drugs in their system and illegal BAC levels:
- 36% of DUI tests in Orange County, CA detected impaired drugs AND a BAC of .08+ (Source Harmon, 2019)
- 39% of Miami-Dade drivers tested positive for drugs AND a BAC of .08+ (Source: Logan et al., 2014)
- 40% of drivers in Dane County, WI tested positive for drugs AND a BAC of .10+ (Source Edwards et al., 2017)
Usually, these individuals would only be identified as alcohol-impaired drivers and further investigation regarding drug use would be unlikely to occur.
- 50.5% of fatally injured drug-positive drivers (with known drug test results) were positive for two or more drugs and 40.7% were found to have alcohol in their system (NHTSA FARS as cited in Hedlund, 2018)
- Among drug-positive drivers killed in crashes, 4% tested positive for both marijuana and opioids, 16% for opioids only, 38% for marijuana only, and 42% for other drugs (Governors Highway Safety Association, 2017)
- The percentage of traffic deaths in which at least one driver tested positive for drugs has nearly doubled over a decade. (USA Today, 2016) (Source: https://driving-tests.org/driving-statistics/)
- The number of alcohol-positive drivers killed in crashes who also tested positive for drugs increased by 16% from 2006 to 2016 (Governors Highway Safety Association, 2017)
Click here for more information on the need for expanded drug testing.