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South Dakota

Felony DUI

Third offense

DUID Zero Tolerance and Per Se Laws

Zero tolerance for some drugs

Cannabis Drug-Impaired Driving Laws

Zero tolerance for THC and metabolites (applies only to drivers under age 21)

DUI Child Endangerment Laws

No DUI child endangerment law

Enhanced Penalties for High-BAC

0.17

DUI Look-back Periods

Ten years

Open Container - Alcohol

In compliance with Federal requirements

Good Samaritan

Good Samaritan law enacted

Test Refusal

Administrative penalties

24/7 Programs

Statewide program

Administrative License Suspension/Revocation

No ALS/ALR law

Sobriety Checkpoints

Permitted

Habitual Offender Designation

No Habitual Offender Law

Drug Evaluation and Classification Program

51-100 DREs

DUI Courts - Standalone

1-5 DUI Courts

DUI Courts - Hybrid

No Hybrid Courts

Open Container - Cannabis

No cannabis open container law

Cannabis Laws (2020)

Cannabis Prohibition

DUID: Implied Consent Testing Methods

Blood and other bodily substances

DUID Affirmative Defense

No affirmative defense

Anti-Plea Bargaining Statutes

No Data Available

eWarrant Case Study Sites

Not authorized to use e-warrants

Preliminary Breath Test (PBT) Laws

No Data Available

2016 Enacted Impaired Driving and Underage Drinking Legislation

Enacted Underage Drinking Legislation

Lower BAC legislation

No legislation introduced

Low BAC

Low BAC may be considered with other evidence

CARS Implementation

none

2017 New Impaired Driving and Underage Drinking Laws

Alcohol-impaired Driving Legislation

Ignition Interlocks

Discretionary

Electronic Warrants (E-warrants) Authorization

Legislation & Court Rule/Order

Top Detected Drug Category by State (2019)

stim

2019 Enacted Impaired Driving & Underage Drinking Legislation

Impaired Driving Legislation

2019 Legislative Activity

Active

False Identification - Sanctions

Judicial license suspension/revocation

False Identification - Point-of-Sale Policies

No Distinctive License & No Seizure Law

No Refusal Programs

Has legal authority to implement No Refusal program

Oral Fluid Testing

Oral fluid testing authorized

Implied Consent Laws

Drugs

32-23-10 - Learn More
Any person who operates any vehicle in this state is considered to have given consent to the withdrawal of blood or other bodily substance and chemical analysis of the person's blood, breath, or other bodily substance to determine the amount of alcohol in the person's blood and to determine the presence of marijuana or any controlled drug or substance or any substance ingested, inhaled, or otherwise taken into the body as prohibited by § 22-42-15 or any other substance that may render a person incapable of safely driving. The arresting law enforcement officer may, subsequent to the arrest of any operator for a violation of § 32-23-1, require the operator to submit to the withdrawal of blood or other bodily substances as evidence.

Blood

Yes

Urine

Yes

Oral Fluids

Yes

Other

Yes
Breath

DUI Statutes

Drugs

32-23-1 - Learn More
Driving or control of vehicle prohibited with alcohol in blood or while under influence of alcohol or drug. No person may drive or be in actual physical control of any vehicle while:
(1) There is 0.08 percent or more by weight of alcohol in that person's blood as shown by chemical analysis of that person's breath, blood, or other bodily substance;
(2) Under the influence of an alcoholic beverage, marijuana, or any controlled drug or substance not obtained pursuant to a valid prescription, or any combination of an alcoholic beverage, marijuana, or such controlled drug or substance;
(3) Under the influence of any controlled drug or substance obtained pursuant to a valid prescription, or any other substance, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving;
(4) Under the combined influence of an alcoholic beverage and or any controlled drug or substance obtained pursuant to a valid prescription, or any other substance, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving; or
(5) Under the influence of any substance ingested, inhaled, or otherwise taken into the body as prohibited by § 22-42-15.

Combined/Multiple Substance

32-23-1 - Learn More
Driving or control of vehicle prohibited with alcohol in blood or while under influence of alcohol or drug. No person may drive or be in actual physical control of any vehicle while:
(1) There is 0.08 percent or more by weight of alcohol in that person's blood as shown by chemical analysis of that person's breath, blood, or other bodily substance;
(2) Under the influence of an alcoholic beverage, marijuana, or any controlled drug or substance not obtained pursuant to a valid prescription, or any combination of an alcoholic beverage, marijuana, or such controlled drug or substance;
(3) Under the influence of any controlled drug or substance obtained pursuant to a valid prescription, or any other substance, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving;
(4) Under the combined influence of an alcoholic beverage and or any controlled drug or substance obtained pursuant to a valid prescription, or any other substance, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving; or
(5) Under the influence of any substance ingested, inhaled, or otherwise taken into the body as prohibited by § 22-42-15.

Refusal Law to Chemical Testing (Not Alcohol)

Penalties

32-23-1 - Learn More
Any person subject to license revocation for failure to submit to the withdrawal and chemical analysis required in § 32-23-10, and wishing to contest the revocation, shall demand a hearing pursuant to chapter 1-26 within one hundred twenty days of arrest. If the secretary of public safety finds that the law enforcement officer complied with the law and the refusal was made by the person, the secretary shall revoke that person's license to drive and any nonresident operating privileges for one year.

Can Refusal Be Used as Evidence?

Admin Hearing or Civil Trial

Yes

Criminal Trial

Yes

ALR Laws

Cannabis

Yes

Length/Time of Restriction

Thirty days to three years depending on charges.

Hardship License Available

Yes

Random Drug Testing or Ignition Interlock Requirements

Cannabis

No Data Available

Other Drugs

No Data Available

Zero Tolerance Level for People Under 21 Who Are Driving Under the Influence of Cannabis or Other Drugs

32-23-21 - Learn More
It is illegal for a driver under age of twenty-one to operate a motor vehicle after having consumed marijuana or any controlled drug or substance for as long as physical evidence of the consumption remains present in the person's body.
If a person is found guilty of or adjudicated for a violation of this section, the Unified Judicial System shall notify the Department of Public Safety. Upon conviction or adjudication, the court shall suspend that person's driver's license or operating privilege for a period of thirty days for a first offense, one hundred eighty days for a second offense, or one year for any third or subsequent offense. However, the court may, upon proof of financial responsibility pursuant to § 32-35.43.1, issue an order permitting the person to operate a vehicle for purposes of the person's employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs.

Cannabis Per Se Statute

32-23-21 - Learn More
It is illegal for a driver under age of twenty-one to operate a motor vehicle after having consumed marijuana or any controlled drug or substance for as long as physical evidence of the consumption remains present in the person's body.

Threshold

0

Nanogram Limit

0

DUI Standards

No Data Available

Provisions for Screening Cannabis/Assessment/Education/Treatment

Yes
Clearly outlined in sentencing statutes.

Additional Penalties

No Data Available

Cannabis Impaired Driving Penalties

32-23-2 - Learn More
32-23-3 - Learn More
32-23-4 - Learn More
32-23-4.6 - Learn More
32-23-4.7 - Learn More
First offense. Such person is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor, and the defendant's driving privileges shall be revoked for not less than thirty days. However, the court may in its discretion issue an order upon proof of financial responsibility, pursuant to § 32-35-113, permitting the person to operate a vehicle for purposes of employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs. The court may also order the revocation of the defendant's driving privilege for a further period not to exceed one year or restrict the privilege in such manner as it sees fit for a period not to exceed one year.
Second offense. Such person is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor, and the court shall, in pronouncing sentence, unconditionally revoke the defendant's driving privilege for a period of not less than one year. However, upon the successful completion of a court-approved chemical dependency program, and proof of financial responsibility pursuant to § 32-35-113, the court may permit the person to drive for the purposes of employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs. If such person is convicted of driving without a license during that period, the person shall be sentenced to the county jail for not less than three days, which sentence may not be suspended.
Third offense. Such person is guilty of a Class 6 felony, and the court, in pronouncing sentence, shall order that the driver's license of any person so convicted be revoked for a period of not less than one year from the date sentence is imposed or one year from the date of initial release from imprisonment, whichever is later. In the event the person is returned to imprisonment prior to the completion of the period of driver's license revocation, time spent imprisoned does not count toward fulfilling the period of revocation. If the person is convicted of driving without a license during that period, he shall be sentenced to the county jail for not less than ten days, which sentence may not be suspended. Notwithstanding § 23A-27-19, the court retains jurisdiction to modify the conditions of the license revocation for the term of such revocation. Upon the successful completion of a court-approved chemical dependency counseling program, and proof of financial responsibility pursuant to § 32-35-113, the court may permit the person to operate a vehicle for the purposes of employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs.
Fourth offense. Such person is guilty of a Class 5 felony, and the court, in pronouncing sentence, shall order that the driver's license of any person so convicted be revoked for a period of not less than two years from the date sentence is imposed or two years from the date of initial release from imprisonment, whichever is later. In the event the person is returned to imprisonment prior to the completion of the period of driver's license revocation, time spent imprisoned does not count toward fulfilling the period of revocation. If the person is convicted of driving without a license during that period, the person shall be sentenced to the county jail for not less than twenty days, which sentence may not be suspended. Notwithstanding § 23A-27-19, the court retains jurisdiction to modify the conditions of the license revocation for the term of such revocation. Upon the successful completion of a court- approved chemical dependency counseling program, and proof of financial responsibility pursuant to § 32-35-113, the court may permit the person to operate a vehicle for the purposes of employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs.
Fifth offense and subsequent. Such person is guilty of a Class 4 felony and the court, in pronouncing sentencing, shall order that the driver's license of any person so convicted be revoked for a period of not less than three years from the date sentence is imposed or three years from the date of initial release from imprisonment, whichever is later. In the event the person is returned to imprisonment prior to the completion of the period of driver's license revocation, time spent imprisoned does not count toward fulfilling the period of revocation. If the person is convicted of driving without a license during that period, the person shall be sentenced to the county jail for not less than twenty days, which sentence may not be suspended. Notwithstanding § 23A-27-19, the court retains jurisdiction to modify the conditions of the license revocation for the term of such revocation. Upon the successful completion of a court- approved chemical dependency counseling program, and proof of financial responsibility pursuant to § 32-35-113, the court may permit the person to operate a vehicle for the purposes of employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs.

Are the Impaired Driving Penalties the Same for Alcohol?

Yes

Are Combined Substances Mentioned in DUI Statute?

Yes

Penalties for Multiple Substance/Multiple Substance Impaired Driving

First offense. Such person is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor, and the defendant's driving privileges shall be revoked for not less than thirty days. However, the court may in its discretion issue an order upon proof of financial responsibility, pursuant to § 32-35-113, permitting the person to operate a vehicle for purposes of employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs. The court may also order the revocation of the defendant's driving privilege for a further period not to exceed one year or restrict the privilege in such manner as it sees fit for a period not to exceed one year.
Second offense. Such person is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor, and the court shall, in pronouncing sentence, unconditionally revoke the defendant's driving privilege for a period of not less than one year. However, upon the successful completion of a court-approved chemical dependency program, and proof of financial responsibility pursuant to § 32-35-113, the court may permit the person to drive for the purposes of employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs. If such person is convicted of driving without a license during that period, the person shall be sentenced to the county jail for not less than three days, which sentence may not be suspended.
Third offense. Such person is guilty of a Class 6 felony, and the court, in pronouncing sentence, shall order that the driver's license of any person so convicted be revoked for a period of not less than one year from the date sentence is imposed or one year from the date of initial release from imprisonment, whichever is later. In the event the person is returned to imprisonment prior to the completion of the period of driver's license revocation, time spent imprisoned does not count toward fulfilling the period of revocation. If the person is convicted of driving without a license during that period, he shall be sentenced to the county jail for not less than ten days, which sentence may not be suspended. Notwithstanding § 23A-27-19, the court retains jurisdiction to modify the conditions of the license revocation for the term of such revocation. Upon the successful completion of a court-approved chemical dependency counseling program, and proof of financial responsibility pursuant to § 32-35-113, the court may permit the person to operate a vehicle for the purposes of employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs.
Fourth offense. Such person is guilty of a Class 5 felony, and the court, in pronouncing sentence, shall order that the driver's license of any person so convicted be revoked for a period of not less than two years from the date sentence is imposed or two years from the date of initial release from imprisonment, whichever is later. In the event the person is returned to imprisonment prior to the completion of the period of driver's license revocation, time spent imprisoned does not count toward fulfilling the period of revocation. If the person is convicted of driving without a license during that period, the person shall be sentenced to the county jail for not less than twenty days, which sentence may not be suspended. Notwithstanding § 23A-27-19, the court retains jurisdiction to modify the conditions of the license revocation for the term of such revocation. Upon the successful completion of a court- approved chemical dependency counseling program, and proof of financial responsibility pursuant to § 32-35-113, the court may permit the person to operate a vehicle for the purposes of employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs.
Fifth offense and subsequent. Such person is guilty of a Class 4 felony and the court, in pronouncing sentencing, shall order that the driver's license of any person so convicted be revoked for a period of not less than three years from the date sentence is imposed or three years from the date of initial release from imprisonment, whichever is later. In the event the person is returned to imprisonment prior to the completion of the period of driver's license revocation, time spent imprisoned does not count toward fulfilling the period of revocation. If the person is convicted of driving without a license during that period, the person shall be sentenced to the county jail for not less than twenty days, which sentence may not be suspended. Notwithstanding § 23A-27-19, the court retains jurisdiction to modify the conditions of the license revocation for the term of such revocation. Upon the successful completion of a court- approved chemical dependency counseling program, and proof of financial responsibility pursuant to § 32-35-113, the court may permit the person to operate a vehicle for the purposes of employment, attendance at school, or attendance at counseling programs.

Child Endangerment or Enhanced Penalties for Driving Impaired by Cannabis/Drugs with Child in Car

No Data Available

Statutes with THC Listed as Delta 8, 9, 10, or 11

34-20B-1. - Learn More
Tetrahydrocannabinols are referenced here.

Electronic Warrant Program

Statewide

No Data Available

By Locality

No Data Available

Law Enforcement Phlebotomy Program

No Data Available

Oral Fluid

For Drug Detection

No Data Available

Roadside - Not Evidential

No Data Available

Evidential

No Data Available

Roadside and Evidential

No Data Available

Minimum Legal Age for Cannabis Consumption

None
Court challenge currently underway for recreational cannabis.

Underage Cannabis Laws and Penalties

Underage Possession

Illegal

Underage Consumption

illegal

Underage Purchase

Illegal

Underage Attempt to Purchase

Illegal

Underage Exemptions to Illegality of Cannabis

Medical Marijuana

No rules currently in place.

Other

No Data Available

Underage Cannabis Provisions for Screening/Assessment/Education/Treatment/Medication Assisted Treatment

No Data Available

Social Host Laws

Cannabis

None

Drugs

None

Penalties for Retailers Who Knowingly Sell to People Under 21

SALE TO MINORS: The sale of 1 ounce or less to a minor is a Class 5 felony, punishable by a maximum sentence of 5 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $10,000. The sale of 1 ounce to 1/2 pound is a Class 4 felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 10 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $20,000. The sale of ½ pound to 1 pound is a Class 3 felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 15 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $30,000. The sale of more than 1 pound is a Class 2 felony which is punishable by a maximum sentence of 25 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $50,000.

Other

No Data Available