AK AL AR AZ CA CO CT DE FL GA HI IA ID IL IN KS < fill="#eaeaea" stroke="#c0c0c0" d="M93.76 56.8l-1.040-32.32-2.72-1.12-0.96-2.48-2.32-2.24 1.44-2.96 1.12-0.080-1.12-2.48-1.44 0.64-2.56-2.080-38.96 0.48-39.2-1.040-2 45.44 45.040 0.96z"> KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY DC USA AS GU MP PR VI
Back to Map

Virginia

Felony DUI

Third offense

DUID Zero Tolerance and Per Se Laws

Per se limit greater than zero for some drugs

Cannabis Drug-Impaired Driving Laws

No cannabis-specific drugged driving law

DUI Child Endangerment Laws

Enhanced penalties

Enhanced Penalties for High-BAC

0.15

DUI Look-back Periods

Ten years

Open Container - Alcohol

Does not meet Federal requirements

Good Samaritan

Good Samaritan law enacted

Test Refusal

Administrative and criminal penalties

24/7 Programs

No 24/7 legislation

Administrative License Suspension/Revocation

ALS/ALR law enacted

Sobriety Checkpoints

Permitted

Habitual Offender Designation

No Habitual Offender Law

Drug Evaluation and Classification Program

16-50 DREs

DUI Courts - Standalone

1-5 DUI Courts

DUI Courts - Hybrid

1-5 Hybrid Courts

Open Container - Cannabis

No cannabis open container law

Cannabis Laws (2020)

Non-psychoactive Medical Cannabis (i.e., Cannabidiol - CBD)

DUID: Implied Consent Testing Methods

Blood

DUID Affirmative Defense

No affirmative defense

Anti-Plea Bargaining Statutes

No Data Available

eWarrant Case Study Sites

Not authorized to use e-warrants

Preliminary Breath Test (PBT) Laws

No Data Available

2016 Enacted Impaired Driving and Underage Drinking Legislation

Enacted Drunk Driving Legislation

Lower BAC legislation

No legislation introduced

Low BAC

Low BAC may be considered with other evidence

CARS Implementation

none

2017 New Impaired Driving and Underage Drinking Laws

Alcohol-impaired Driving Legislation

Ignition Interlocks

Mandatory all offender

Electronic Warrants (E-warrants) Authorization

Legislation

Top Detected Drug Category by State (2019)

Narcotics

2019 Enacted Impaired Driving & Underage Drinking Legislation

Impaired Driving & Underage Drinking Legislation

2019 Legislative Activity

Active

False Identification - Sanctions

Judicial license suspension/revocation

False Identification - Point-of-Sale Policies

Distinctive License & No Seizure Law

No Refusal Programs

Has legal authority to implement No Refusal program

Oral Fluid Testing

Oral fluid testing authorized

Implied Consent Laws

Drugs

18.2-268.2 - Learn More
A. Any person, whether licensed by Virginia or not, who operates a motor vehicle upon a highway, as defined in 46.2-100, in the Commonwealth shall be deemed thereby, as a condition of such operation, to have consented to have samples of his blood, breath, or both blood and breath taken for a chemical test to determine the alcohol, drug, or both alcohol and drug content of his blood, if he is arrested for violation of 18.2-266,18.2-266.1, or subsection B of 18.2-272 or of a similar ordinance within three hours of the alleged offense.

Blood

Yes

Urine

No

Oral Fluids

No

Other

Yes
Breath

DUI Statutes

Drugs

18.2-266 - Learn More
It shall be unlawful for any person to drive or operate any motor vehicle, engine or train (i) while such person has a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or more by weight by volume or 0.08 grams or more per 210 liters of breath as indicated by a chemical test administered as provided in this article, (ii) while such person is under the influence of alcohol, (iii) while such person is under the influence of any narcotic drug or any other self-administered intoxicant or drug of whatsoever nature, or any combination of such drugs, to a degree which impairs his ability to drive or operate any motor vehicle, engine or train safely, (iv) while such person is under the combined influence of alcohol and any drug or drugs to a degree which impairs his ability to drive or operate any motor vehicle, engine or train safely, or (v) while such person has a blood concentration of any of the following substances at a level that is equal to or greater than: (a) 0.02 milligrams of cocaine per liter of blood, (b) 0.1 milligrams of methamphetamine per liter of blood, (c) 0.01 milligrams of phencyclidine per liter of blood, or (d) 0.1 milligrams of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine per liter of blood. A charge alleging a violation of this section shall support a conviction under clauses (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), or (v).
For the purposes of this article, the term "motor vehicle" includes mopeds, while operated on the public highways of this Commonwealth.

Combined/Multiple Substance

18.2-266 - Learn More
(iii) while such person is under the influence of any narcotic drug or any other self-administered intoxicant or drug of whatsoever nature, or any combination of such drugs, to a degree which impairs his ability to drive or operate any motor vehicle, engine or train safely

Refusal Law to Chemical Testing (Not Alcohol)

Penalties

18.2-268.3 - Learn More
B. It is unlawful for a person who is arrested for a violation of § 18.2-266 or 18.2-266.1 or subsection B of § 18.2-272 or of a similar ordinance to unreasonably refuse to have samples of his blood taken for chemical tests to determine the alcohol or drug content of his blood as required by § 18.2-268.2 and any person who so unreasonably refuses is guilty of a violation of this subsection, which is a civil offense and is punishable as follows:
1. For a first offense, the court shall suspend the defendant's privilege to drive for a period of one year. This suspension period is in addition to the suspension period provided under § 46.2-391.2.
2. If a person is found to have violated this subsection and within 10 years prior to the date of the refusal he was found guilty of any of the following: a violation of this section, a violation of § 18.2-266, or a violation of any offense listed in subsection E of § 18.2-270 arising out of separate occurrences or incidents, such violation shall of itself operate to deprive the person of the privilege to drive for a period of three years from the date of the judgment. This revocation period is in addition to the suspension period provided under § 46.2-391.2.

Can Refusal Be Used as Evidence?

Admin Hearing or Civil Trial

Yes

Criminal Trial

Yes

ALR Laws

Cannabis

Yes

Length/Time of Restriction

One year suspension to indefinite suspension based on offense charged.

Hardship License Available

Yes

Random Drug Testing or Ignition Interlock Requirements

Cannabis

18.2-270 - Learn More
46.2-360 - Learn More
46.2-391 - Learn More
For first offense and subsequent offenses, the court shall require a DWI offender who has been granted either restricted driving privileges or full driving privileges on condition to operate only motor vehicles that are equipped with ignition interlock devices for any period of time not to exceed the period of license suspension and restriction, not less than 6 consecutive months without alcohol-related violations of the interlock requirements.

Other Drugs

Yes

Zero Tolerance Level for People Under 21 Who Are Driving Under the Influence of Cannabis or Other Drugs

Non

Cannabis Per Se Statute

None

Threshold

No Data Available

Nanogram Limit

No Data Available

DUI Standards

No Data Available

Provisions for Screening Cannabis/Assessment/Education/Treatment

No Data Available

Additional Penalties

No Data Available

Cannabis Impaired Driving Penalties

18.2-270 - Learn More
A. Except as otherwise provided herein, any person violating any provision of 18.2-266 shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor with a mandatory minimum fine of $250 …
B. 1. Any person convicted of a second offense committed within less than five years after a prior offense under 18.2-266 shall upon conviction of the second offense be punished by a mandatory minimum fine of $500 and by confinement in jail for not less than one month nor more than one year. Twenty days of such confinement shall be a mandatory minimum sentence.
2. Any person convicted of a second offense committed within a period of five to 10 years of a prior offense under 18.2-266 shall upon conviction of the second offense be punished by a mandatory minimum fine of $500 and by confinement in jail for not less than one month. Ten days of such confinement shall be a mandatory minimum sentence.

C. 1. Any person convicted of three offenses of 18.2-266 committed within a 10-year period shall upon conviction of the third offense be guilty of a Class 6 felony. The sentence of any person convicted of three offenses of 18.2-266 committed within a 10-year period shall include a mandatory minimum sentence of 90 days, unless the three offenses were committed within a five-year period, in which case the sentence shall include a mandatory minimum sentence of confinement for six months. In addition, such person shall be fined a mandatory minimum fine of $1,000.
2. The punishment of any person convicted of a fourth or subsequent offense of 18.2-266 committed within a 10-year period shall, upon conviction, include a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment of one year. In addition, such person shall be fined a mandatory minimum fine of $1,000. Unless otherwise modified by the court, the defendant shall remain on probation and under the terms of any suspended sentence for the same period as his operator's license was suspended, not to exceed three years.

Are the Impaired Driving Penalties the Same for Alcohol?

Yes

Are Combined Substances Mentioned in DUI Statute?

18.2-266 - Learn More
(iii) while such person is under the influence of any narcotic drug or any other self-administered intoxicant or drug of whatsoever nature, or any combination of such drugs, to a degree which impairs his ability to drive or operate any motor vehicle, engine or train safely

Penalties for Multiple Substance/Multiple Substance Impaired Driving

A. Except as otherwise provided herein, any person violating any provision of 18.2-266 shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor with a mandatory minimum fine of $250 …
B. 1. Any person convicted of a second offense committed within less than five years after a prior offense under 18.2-266 shall upon conviction of the second offense be punished by a mandatory minimum fine of $500 and by confinement in jail for not less than one month nor more than one year. Twenty days of such confinement shall be a mandatory minimum sentence.
2. Any person convicted of a second offense committed within a period of five to 10 years of a prior offense under 18.2-266 shall upon conviction of the second offense be punished by a mandatory minimum fine of $500 and by confinement in jail for not less than one month. Ten days of such confinement shall be a mandatory minimum sentence.

C. 1. Any person convicted of three offenses of 18.2-266 committed within a 10-year period shall upon conviction of the third offense be guilty of a Class 6 felony. The sentence of any person convicted of three offenses of 18.2-266 committed within a 10-year period shall include a mandatory minimum sentence of 90 days, unless the three offenses were committed within a five-year period, in which case the sentence shall include a mandatory minimum sentence of confinement for six months. In addition, such person shall be fined a mandatory minimum fine of $1,000.
2. The punishment of any person convicted of a fourth or subsequent offense of 18.2-266 committed within a 10-year period shall, upon conviction, include a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment of one year. In addition, such person shall be fined a mandatory minimum fine of $1,000. Unless otherwise modified by the court, the defendant shall remain on probation and under the terms of any suspended sentence for the same period as his operator's license was suspended, not to exceed three years.

Child Endangerment or Enhanced Penalties for Driving Impaired by Cannabis/Drugs with Child in Car

18.2-270(D) - Learn More
In addition to the penalty otherwise authorized by this section or 16.1-278.9, any person convicted of a violation of 18.2-266 committed while transporting a person 17 years of age or younger shall be (i) fined an additional minimum of $500 and not more than $1,000 and (ii) sentenced to a mandatory minimum period of confinement of five days.

Statutes with THC Listed as Delta 8, 9, 10, or 11

 § 4.1-600 - Learn More
Tetrahydrocannabinols are referenced here.

Electronic Warrant Program

Statewide

No Data Available

By Locality

No Data Available

Law Enforcement Phlebotomy Program

No Data Available

Oral Fluid

For Drug Detection

No Data Available

Roadside - Not Evidential

No Data Available

Evidential

No Data Available

Roadside and Evidential

No Data Available

Minimum Legal Age for Cannabis Consumption

21 and older
Up to one once

Underage Cannabis Laws and Penalties

Underage Possession

Illegal

Underage Consumption

Illegal

Underage Purchase

Illegal

Underage Attempt to Purchase

Illegal

Underage Exemptions to Illegality of Cannabis

Medical Marijuana

Yes. A minor patient under 18 can receive a medical cannabis card so long as a parent or guardian is registered as their caregiver. When a caregiver is to be used in Virginia, the doctor will include the caregiver's information on the written certification that they complete.

Other

No Data Available

Underage Cannabis Provisions for Screening/Assessment/Education/Treatment/Medication Assisted Treatment

No Data Available

Social Host Laws

Cannabis

No such laws found

Drugs

No such laws found

Penalties for Retailers Who Knowingly Sell to People Under 21

Sale to a minor who is at least 3 years younger is a felony with a mandatory minimum sentence of 2 years up to 50 years and a $100,000 fine..

Other

No Data Available